This paper attempts to offer a glimpse into the current issues of interest for neurosciences from an integrative perspective. Unanswered conceptual problems and technical impediments that might be overcome in the following years are taken into account. The main source of data consists in somehow disparate studies that might challenge the present and future neuroscientific thinking. A special emphasis is given tot the emergent field of developmental cognitive neuroscience, which covers complex multileveled analyses addressing the question of nature-nurture interplay.
KEYWORDS: neuroscience, development, genes, environment