The invention of more powerful computers have had a large impact on the study of brain-behavior relationship. Important new techniques for investigating the functions of the brain have been invented in the last several decades that make possible a much more detailed structural and functional description of the brain than was previously available. The present paper gives just an introduction to technical and methodological foundations of major current neuroimaging techniques: Computer Tomography, CT; Magnetic Resonance Imaging, MRI; Positron Emission Tomography, PET. In addition, selected examples of applications in Cognitive Science are presented.
KEYWORDS: cognitive neuroscience, cognitive psychology, brain imaging techniques