Many studies have shown that test anxiety covaries with locus of control- and self-efficacy expectations. To analyze construct validity of the German Test Anxiety Inventory, a sample of 349 students was tested with this instrument and questionnaires on competence belief, locus of control and generalized self-efficacy. Construct validity was supported by correlational- and factor analysis: Significant negative correlations between test anxiety and self-efficacy as well as between test anxiety and internal locus of control were found. Furthermore, there were significant positive correlations between test anxiety and external locus of control. Also, in factorial analyses test anxiety could be differentiated from individualsâ locus of control. We conclude that people with high test anxiety could benefit from systematic development of specific self-efficacy beliefs.
KEYWORDS: test anxiety, self-efficacy, locus of control.